Posts Tagged ‘market’
legal financial recruitment Market Report 2011
recent years, the legal recruitment market has experienced a number of changes that have affected the way financial institutions, in particular contract, to fill judicial vacancies. Market Report The 2011 law created by Barclay Simpson tackles these questions and more focus on the ongoing recovery of the sector financing of legal recruitment.the last two years have seen several changes in the financing of the legal recruitment sector. During the recession of 2008 to 2009 dealt a devastating blow for the financial sector, in turn, reverses the delivery of most jobs and legal recruitment in the United Kingdom. The recession has begun to implement a freeze on outsourcing by 18 months many financial institutions. This period of restraint led to a phase of reorganization, which led to several cuts in staff layoffs and firm. Positive signs of recovery in the legal recruitment industry were recorded in the first six months of 2010, which saw a contraction period of frenetic activity. As a hiring freeze ended, a significant number of new jobs were created, which fuels the need for additional staff legal system. layoffs during the previous recession, after ensuring that vacancies were filled by qualified lawyers highly marketable skills of the unemployed. intensive recruitment peaked in mid-2010, where the balanced activity to normal levels. This is mainly due to fewer seats available, as well as the shortage of candidates. Although the trends in employment in 2010 has improved, there was a large difference in the type of regular employment, as requested by financial institutions. Due to the nature of the employment needs of the report highlights two main areas for which the contract workers is considered preferable to permanent candidates. First, employees need to hire contractors to temporarily fill the void of resources to specific projects that are not inside. “In addition, companies seeking permanent legal difficult to obtain their services, mainly due to a shortage of candidates. As the legal recruitment industry began to recover the ashes of recession, it can not fully be said for every legal discipline. The demand for transactional lawyers, for example, contracted in 2010 that affect these particularly at higher levels. The decrease in interest to cover the new features in this discipline is mainly due to noncompetitive salaries could not invite the candidates to move. While 2011 is unlikely to echo the “frenzy of hiring activity” seen in early 2010. The outlook for 2011 jobs in financial legal remains positive.
Save Money Using Stock Market Investor Magazine
Stock Market Investor Magazine gives the financial knowledge, necessary to all personal investors. It gives the appropriate financial news to the investors. It uses the expert analysis of the people like experts, fund managers, market analysts and financial commentators. It also makes analysis of the everyday news in order to verify the profitable stocks.
Generally the information given in a Stock Market Investor Magazine is investor friendly and understandable to normal people although, some magazines use financial terminology which the average investor can’t understand. So any good quality Stock Market Investor Magazine should have appropriate information discussed in a simple language, which a normal investor can understand. It should also have graphical representations of the analysis which helps immensely in recognizing the overall value of the article.
A Stock Market Investor Magazine usually has the tendency to provide the news stories which are relevant and most accurate, to its readers. It has some columns which generally focus on exacting emerging markets. There are also some sections with helpful information on taxes. It may happen that every article is not interesting to everyone so the magazine aneeds to maintain the balance between the informative and entertaining scenarios.
You can also find the life stories of business tycoons in as a value added segment in the Stock Market Investor Magazine. It tells the story of how they reach at their existing level as these types of stories may give the inspiration to someone else to become successful, who knows?
Any good quality Stock Market Investor Magazine assists the small investors to save the money because it covers various other topics, and not only the stocks, and other investment. This type of magazines can help immensely in saving the hard earned money of the investor. It can give the proper suggestions to the small investor to invest the money in the most beneficial way. Stock Market Investor Magazine gives the financial knowledge, necessary to all personal investors. It gives the appropriate financial news to the investors. It uses the expert analysis of the people like experts, fund managers, market analysts and financial commentators. It also makes analysis of the everyday news in order to verify the profitable stocks.
Stock Market Investor Magazine gives the financial knowledge, necessary to all personal investors. It gives the appropriate financial news to the investors. It uses the expert analysis of the people like experts, fund managers, market analysts and financial commentators. It also makes analysis of the everyday news in order to verify the profitable stocks.Any good quality Stock Market Investor Magazine assists the small investors to save the money because it covers various other topics, and not only the stocks, and other investment. This type of magazines can help immensely in saving the hard earned money of the investor. It can give the proper suggestions to the small investor to invest the money in the most beneficial way. Stock Market Investor Magazine gives the financial knowledge, necessary to all personal investors. It gives the appropriate financial news to the investors. It uses the expert analysis of the people like experts, fund managers, market analysts and financial commentators. It also makes analysis of the everyday news in order to verify the profitable stocks.
Spending time trading day the stock market of India
is very natural for novice investors often very high expectations of companies in their investments. With the hype of the market that money can be doubled or tripled in a short time and that can become a millionaire on the stock exchange in India in a short is the main attraction, and the expectations of the driving characteristic. poor investments can doubt become great fortunes, if inventory investment is right in the stock market in India. Knowledge of current affairs. Greater awareness is most likely to win and fulfill their expectations in the short term or long term.
Many investors are also motivated by the idea that day trading is that it gives you maximum benefit as quickly as possible. This is again part of the reason and it all depends on how informed investors. Having a close watch on the movement of stock prices, regular reading of news, see the latest stock quotes online are only part of the effort. There are other factors to consider.
day of trading on the stock market in India which require to assign a time limit on staff, say two or three hours every day if you are involved in other work. If you are a full day shopping, it may not be able to pursue employment opportunities, except for night work, which may alter the biological clock. On the other hand, if you’re an inexperienced operator, there is no guarantee of profits sufficient to carry you or your family at high risk is certainly in question. But if you are well informed throughout the process and you give importance to maintain and conduct research to find potential stocks, stock change, price, etc., risks can be managed. You do not need jobs and then a few trading days or one day provide a sufficient return in terms of amount of investment.
You need enough money to be deposited into your trading account for the trading day compared with other commercial options. When everything is done online, you can get a quick view stock quotes online during trading hours. Based on market research, you can tell if the stock quotes and seems to serve their purpose or not.
smart investment in the stock market in India
Many investors are attracted by the stock market in India, after discovering a rapid population increase and maintain its growth at a stretch. At the time of onset of the investment, which links the dynamics of growth, but after a while, the share price begins to fall. He therefore faces the fall rather than rise. This is the trend of the market share in India but is an invisible part of the great history. Thousands of shares are traded on the stock market in India and there are thousands of investors who invest in it. The rise and fall of prices depends on market conditions. If you invest to keep the trends that will be able to grow steadily without falling. What matters here is to follow what is happening around the market. For a look or read in detail the AZ of the stock market in India, visit a news portal, including a financial news portal. And if you start to visit the site regularly and have the information, and letters of view, a look at the population of online deals, and over, no doubt to become a winner.
Many small cap stocks at the top or middle gain incredible day. The price could double in a few hours. Well, it’s not a fantasy! actually happens, but not always. It is only prudent investor who tracks the growth made money instantly and develops by leaps and bounds. Although this is not the case, you can still make huge profits by diversifying their investment strategies. Investing in equities in the short and long term mutual funds and other investment options. People from all walks of life regardless of sex, age, and the vocation of great commercial advantage in the stock market in India. Foreign investors are also attracted to this lucrative market.
While stock postings online, you should be able to choose the right equipment. Consider the value of each stock and choose actions accordingly. To be on the safe side, do not make impulsive decisions. Devote time and effort to gather sufficient information about the course details of company shares that are listed in the tables. Only smart investments can bring benefits.
World snuff smokeless Market Report: 2010 Edition | Market Research Report Aarkstore
smoking continues to dominate the sale of snuff, but the awareness about the health risks associated with them and awareness of health among consumers has led to the development of several solutions Alternatives to the pitch without smoke. The main markets for the segment to snuff smokeless United States and Scandinavia, which includes mainly Sweden and Norway. The overall market growth products snuff smokeless is driven by the growing U.S. market. The U.S. market for snuff, smokeless tobacco, is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of about 7% for the period 2010 to 2012.
The main categories of products are smokeless tobacco, snuff and snuff, which offer promising growth opportunities for manufacturers. The United States is the largest market for snuff and chewing tobacco has greatly increased over the last 10 years. In addition, the Swedish snus market has also grown considerably in terms of awareness of the benefits associated with smokeless snuff category, in general, with increased demand. />
The report analyzes worldwide industry smokeless tobacco, including market size and geographic segmentation. The report also analyzes the key drivers of trends and market challenges. In addition, it highlights the positioning and strategies of the leading manufacturers of smokeless tobacco Swedish – Match, Altria and Reynolds American Inc. />
smokeless tobacco /> 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Types of
smokeless snuff />
1.2 2 1.2. 3
snus 2. The smokeless tobacco market segments />
snuff product market
2.2 moist snuff and World
2.3 Market snuff smokeless areas
2.3.1 U.S. market
Snuff by market segments Snuff market volume
2.3.2 Scandinavia />
3. Smokeless tobacco snuff – market dynamics
3.1 Trends 3.1.1 Key
continuous innovation support 3.1.2 Organic growth without new products Smoke Contribute to Decline in
smokeless 3.2 Evolution of the Industry 3.2.1
lift the ban on EU exports of Swedish snus
3.2.2 Launch of New smokeless tobacco with replacement cartridges />
Regulations 3.2.3 Federal Trade Commission ends snuff
lower volumes cigarette industry
3.4.1 Health risks associated with smokeless snuff 3.4.2 Regulatory issues
Norway Sweden Scandinavian market
4.2 U. S. Market
5. Company Profiles 5.1
Altria Group Inc.
Finance Societe Generale key business strategies
/ Diversification > Strategic cost reduction initiatives
5.2 Swedish Match
General Finance Company Key Business Strategies
Innovation Market Expansion
5.3 Reynolds American Inc.
main strategies finance business expansion
Product Development 6. Market Outlook
market 6.1 /> 6.2 Forecast Methodology 6.2.1
dependent and independent variables />
6.2.2 Correlation Analysis 6.2 . 3 Regression Analysis
For more information, visit Great fully
Easy trading in the stock market of India
The very terminology ‘stock market’ does create in the mind of the hearer myriad possibilities. It can be making big money and becoming a millionaire in no time or a world of negativities such as losing all the hard earned money and exiting from the scene or a complex collage of charts, screens, calculative odds, news, stock indexes, etc. It depends on how you start and how you go about.
The stock market of India is not only filled with established companies that are collecting funds from the public but also new establishments that raise capital from the market. In any case it is stocks or shares that companies sell in the market and the common people take part in them thus becoming share holders. There are various ways through which capital is raised; it can be contribution of the entrepreneur or entrepreneurs themselves, issue of bonds, loans from banks, issuing of stocks. It is the last category that has given birth to the share market India. Once you buy shares from the company, you become the shareholder. If the company gains you gain too and vice versa.
As the stock market of India is subject to volatility with the value of stocks going up and down, not all investors experience a winning situation. Beginners will take some time to cope up with the trend and to understand market dynamics. Thanks to online trading; trading in the share market of India is feasible. No matter where you are in any corner of the world, if you have a computer and an Internet connection, you will be able to trade at ease. You can have a look at the news related to share market of India with just a click of the mouse. And viewing stock quotes online only requires you to log in to a market news platform or an online trading site.
Having a look at the stock quotes online does not mean that you should select all the stocks; there are thousands of investors like you who are viewing the same chart. What matters is selecting the right stocks after considering the stock quotes.
Current Stock Prices: A Reflection Of Market Health
There are signs that we are in recovery after two years of recession and a lot of moments when we thought the worse case scenario became a reality. How did it happened that we were in the brink of a global depression and if not for the innovative and creative actions set by the Federal Reserve in line with the Department of the Treasury, we were saved from such a catastrophe. Looking at its main cause, the housing sector, like anything else, it all started with good intentions. Wishing that everyone could afford housing, guidelines were made in the Clinton Administration to facilitate housing loans for those who could not afford to obtain loans under the normal circumstances. This led to a housing boom from the rapid rise of construction of homes, to banks and other facilities lending without any sense of collateral and security. This also led to the rise in real estate prices. Since no collateral was needed, there were a lot of speculators, and those who purchased 2nd, 3rd and even 4th homes for investment purposes, and were using floating interest rates to pay off their mortgages. This scenario would have been alright if the floating interest rates were single digits maybe in the 4 to 7% interest, with the latter being a bit high but still controllable. And financial institutions were buying up these IOU notes from housing financial companies and then combining such notes to use as collateral for other investments. During that time, the current stock prices were on the rise and things were robust. Something had to give and it did.
When default payments started happening due in part to housing speculators not seeing their houses rented or sold, then the snowball effect had begun. Banks began to see the trend of default payments and started calling on the loans, thereby increasing the percentage of interest payment on floats. And when banks started defaulting on their obligations, this worried investment houses who had used such instruments as collateral. Like a house of cards, things came tumbling down. It had to be the government that had to bail out some of these companies, but there was a price to be paid and perhaps our grandchildren’s grandchildren will be still paying off the loans needed to keep our economy alive.
These days, recovery is on the way. People are starting to invest in the stock market as the current stock prices show good activity and volume trading is almost close to normal sizes. In a twist of fate, if you are liquid, the housing sector is now a good place to invest since homes and property are perhaps undervalued and if you are patient, you will make money. In every crisis, as one Chinese philosopher stated rightly so, there is opportunity.
Mallorca Property Market Report October 2009 from Spanish Hot Properties
There is still huge interest in the Mallorca property market with the most Savvy and serious buyers looking to buy property in Mallorca right now even though Mallorca doesn’t necessarily represent the best value in Spain for price per square meter, property type and location according to a recent Mallorca property market report carried out by the Spanish property experts Spanish Hot Properties. Spanish Hot Properties carried out this report to find out why they were having a disproportionate amount of enquires for Mallorca some 30% of all enquiries being for Mallorca and this obviously not being representative of Spanish property market as a whole. “What we found was that without a doubt was the Mallorca property buyers are the most serious and savvy in the whole of Spain and most importantly they want to buy and are in a position to buy which is quite different from some of the Costas where people may want to buy or are not in a position to buy. What else we found was that the majority of the people looking to buy property in Mallorca were of the view that they would never get a better time to buy and most importantly believe that Mallorca property prices will bounce back way before any other part of Spain. They also realized they could get much more property for there money in places such as Costa Blanca & Costa del Sol but believe the Kings Island of Mallorca was the best place to buy and that now is the time to buy” Explained Nick
PROPERTY BUYERS ARE HAPPY TO PUT TRUST IN SPANISH HOT PROPERTIES
Spanish Hot Properties business model is quite unique and different to most companies in that Spanish Hot Properties find there clients there ideal property first and worry about how much commission they earn from the transaction afterwards which is most definitely not the norm. So why do Spanish Hot Properties work this way? “Very simply our business model is based on referrals from existing clients and doing the right thing for the client. In Mallorca our clients understand that we will show them properties that we have as direct listings and properties we have with other agents and after all the viewings are completed David our guy on the Island sits down with the clients and together helps the client make the right choice. However this system obviously only works with clients who are happy to have us work the whole market for them and we even have some clients who actually show us a property on another agents website and we go and speak to the agent on there behalf. However if you go to lots of agents those individual agents can only help you make a decision about there own listings and may have to put another property down from another agent that might have suited the client better in order to get the sale. However the Spanish Hot Properties approach means we will always do the right things for our customers and most importantly we will always make something from the transaction which makes good business sense and most importantly we are then recommended by the clients who have used our service. This is a model which we would love to adopt in other parts of Spain however up until now it is only our clients buying in Mallorca who can see the benefit of such a system” claimed Nick.
If you would like more information about the findings from the Spanish Hot Properties Mallorca business report or help in buying property in Mallorca then please feel free to contact Spanish Hot Properties by phone or email.
Tax on corporate income and capital structure in an emerging market: an empirical analysis of listed companies in Nigeria
Income Tax and capital structure in an emerging market: an empirical analysis of listed companies in Nigeria
and capital structure in an emerging market:. An empirical analysis of listed companies in Nigeria
Onwumere JUJ. Doctor
Summary: The objective of this study is to conduct empirical tests of the methodology of dynamic panel data to analyze the relationship between taxation business and debt. The choice of Nigeria is that Nigeria’s economy is a force in Africa. We adapt a standard model of choice of the capital in the corporate tax. We controlled the determinants for others. Our database includes a section of 60 companies listed on stock markets in Nigeria for a period of ten years (1996-2005), we find that the debt falls relative to the rate of corporation tax of the company. Our results show that the tax advantage of debt is equal to about 15 percent of the value of the company. Paradoxically, the regression results presented indicate that the rate of taxation (ح) is negligible in borrowing decisions of companies, because our model suggests that the debt ratio is negatively associated with the rate of corporate tax .Wed addition, we expect the tax advantage induced debt financing makes more sense in countries where the tax practice, well structured and efficient business, if managers do not take seriously the compensation argument. . This work contributes to the literature and so that the empirical results is available for the business model of capital structure where companies borrow to exploit the tax advantages of debt. Using data from an emerging market of this document provides an important perspective in the international debate on debt and taxes. Introduction:
capital structure has generated intense debate in the areas of financial management for an extended period. seminal work of Modigliani and Miller (1958), the fundamental question of whether a unique combination of debt and equity to maximize the value of the company, and if so, what are the factors that may influence the structure a venture capital best were often discussed in the literature of the capital structure.
The primary responsibility of corporate financial manager is to make investment decisions and financing. Companies tax earnings by allowing companies to deduct interest payments but not dividends in the calculation of taxable income, adding the capital structure of the debt of a company reduces its tax liability expected and increase your cash flow after tax. The argument for corporate tax is not income tax, companies pay taxes, interest payments on debt are tax deductible, while dividend payments on shares are not there are always gains enough interest to establish valuable in view of ATAX. In other words, the taxable profit before interest and taxes is always higher than the interest expense so that interest leads to lower tax bills. If only there was a tax on corporate profits and not individual taxes on securietes corporate profitability, the value of a company financed by debt would equal that of a society of equals the total capital and the present value of tax shield of interest. Therefore, this tax encourages the use of debt by the company that the debt is increasing the after tax proceeds go to the owners (Modigliani and Miller 1963, Miller 1977)
<> It have been numerous empirical studies on the impact of taxation on corporate financing decisions in the major industrial countries. Some are directly concerned with tax policy. For example, Graham (2000) Mackie-Mason (1990) studied the effect of taxes financing decisions of firms. The study provided evidence of significant financial effect on the choice between debt and equity. Concluded that changes in marginal tax rate for any firm should affect financing decisions when they are exhausted (with the loss of previous years) or a high probability of funding for a zero tax rate, a company with large tax savings is less likely to debt financing. The reason is that the tax savings reduce the marginal effective tax deduction on interest rates. The empirical question that many researchers to study whether the tax limits of the shield, which is the fundamental basis for the choice of debt financing directly or inversely influence business decisions of financial leverage. Although some results show a kind of positive relationship, others find their place as the relationship is negative. The main objective of this work is therefore important to determine the marginal business to explain the relationship between the observed influence companies in Nigeria.Wed To empirically investigate this issue, we use a cross section of 60firms compiled from the Nigerian Stock Exchange. We returned to the debt ratios in our variable of interest (the statutory rate of corporation tax), and other factors suggested in the literature. The rest of this paper is organized as follows, the following section provides a review of the literature. Section 3 presents the methodology .. Section 4 presents the empirical results, while we summarize our main conclusions in Section 5
at the capital structure
a company’s capital structure is actually a specific mix of debt and equity of a company uses to finance its operation. The decision of the capital structure is crucial for any business. The decision is important because of the need to maximize returns while being able to compete with the environment. The fundamental division in the capital structure between debt and equity. recognition of the debt is measured by the ratio of debt or leverage. There are different factors that affect the structure of a corporation and a company should try to determine what is best, or rather the combination of funding
Brealey and Myers (2003) argue that the choice of capital structure is fundamentally a marketing problem. They say the company can issue dozens of titles in countless different combinations, but try to find the particular combination that maximizes the market value. In an attempt to establish a capital structure that maximizes the value of the global market, firms differ in their capital structure. that’s why there are several theories to explain the capital structure of companies. Three major theories that currently dominate the debate on capital structure, hierarchy theory balance, and agency theory
static trade theory generally refers to debt ratio a great company as determined by compensation for the costs and benefits of ownership of assets ready for business and investment plans constant. The company acts as a balancing of the value of tax savings in interest charges in a number of bankruptcy or financial company embaressment.the is supposed to replace the debt capital of the debt until that the value of the firm is maximized. As noted by Beattie and al (2004), trade off theory, firms are said to operate with a target capital ratio of debt to the costs and benefits of issuing debt are balanced .Theories of leverage target
also suggest that high profitability could be associated with a high rate of target debt. this association may arise for a number of reasons.example things, equality of other, potentially higher returns from savings, higher tax debt, reducing the probability of failure, and potentially higher on investment, which implies a target ratio higher debt leverage if the target is important, then firms with high profitability will issue debt instead of equity ratio and debt are higher observed.
Hierarchy Theory of Capital Structure , says companies do not have a debt target in mind, but the amount of debt financing used depends on the profitability. Companies use the funds from the following sources in order, until the source is exhausted or the cost of this source is too sort of retained earnings, financinig equity financing debt. This is based on the assumption that managers act in the interests of existing shareholders. Therefore, refuse to issue undervalued shares unless the transfer of value from the old to new shareholders is more than offset by the net present value of growth opportunities. This leads to the conclusion that the new shares will be issued at a price higher than that imposed by the market value of firm.Therfore, investors interpreted the issue of shares by a company as a sign of excessive pricing. If external funding is unavoidable, the company will opt for the secured debt against the risk of debt and firms that issue common stock that resort.Myers past and Majluf (1984), argues that firms prefer internal sources of costly external financing. Therefore, according to the hierarchical scenario, companies that are profitable and therefore generate high profits should use less debt capital than those that do not generate significant revenue.THE COST OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE AND
Any model in which managers have different objectives from those of shareholders is a modeling agency. More generally, deals with the theory of agency conflicts between stakeholders, especially between the bondholders and shareholders of the basis of agency theory is the defense of the need to control excess management , particularly as regards the pursuit of personal interests. (Simerly and Li, 2000)
theory of agency costs suggests that the highest level of debt increases the value of the shareholder by the transfer of risk for creditors and administrators to assign <-! nextpage -> cash for debt repayment instead of suboptimal or excessive investment Jensen and Meckling (1976) Under this theory, there are two types of inherited conflict of interest:. conflict managers, shareholders and creditors-shareholders conflicts, Jensen and Meckling (1976), also argue that managers always act in their own economic interests. Administrators interest, but in accordance with the interests of shareholders when executive compensation is linked to company performance. the interests of both parties can not generally converge threats.therfore resumed, the manager-shareholder conflict can be minimized by the end. When conflicts arise between investors of debt and equity managers have common interests with shareholders as noted above, the directors to make business decisions for shareholders rather than creditors
Agency represents the cost of important issues in business management in the financial and nonfinancial. separation of ownership and control is a professional management company, a source of agency conflicts-can lead managers to exert sufficient effort to work, to fall into prequisities, the choice of inputs according to their own preferences or not otherwise maximize the value of the company. Indeed, the agency costs of ownership have been equal to the loss of value of professional managers to maximize their own utility, rather than the value of the company. The theory suggests that the choice of capital structure can help mitigate these agency costs. Under the agency costs hypothesis, high leverage or a low capital ratio of assets to reduce the agency costs of external capital and increase firm value by limiting or encouraging managers to act more in the interest of shareholders.more leverage may affect managers and reduce agency costs by the threat of liquidation, which causes personal losses of executive pay, reputation, bonuses, etc. and leverage to generate cash flow to pay interest charges. Greater leverage can mitigate conflicts between shareholders and managers on investment choices. Myers (1977), the amount of risk to carry out the conditions under which the company is liquidated and the dividend policy (Stultz 1990), while higher leverage may reduce the agency costs of outside capital, the Indeed otherwise known by the agency costs of external debt resulting from conflicts between debt holders and shareholders. where the influence is relatively high, further increases may generate significant agency costs of external debt or to offset the risk reduction effort to control the risks that lead to higher expected costs of financial distress bankruptcy or liquidation. These results of the agency in charge of higher interest for companies to offset the debt holders of their expected losses. At low debt levels, increasing incentives arise for managers and reduce overall costs of the organization by reducing the agency costs of external capital. Michael Jensen and William Meckling (1976) the cost of using the body to argue that the probability distribution of cash flows generated by the firm is not independent of their ownership structure and this fact can be used to explain the optimal multiplier. First, there is an incentive problem associated with issuing new debt at a cost of agency debt. bondholders can protect themselves against expropriation by imposing limitations on society when a loan is granted. safeguards and monitoring devices to restrict the ability of shareholders to increase the risk of the company and / or influence. Of course, there are costs associated with the development and implementation of these contracts. argument MM for the irrelevance of capital structure requires licensees to guard against changes in the structure of working capital to erode its position. “Me first” rules to ensure that a party can not win at the expense of another. Although incumbents usually win shareholder and age of debt generally lose, the opposite may occur. Each group makes sure that his wealth is not eroded without compensation. To the extent that “me first” rules are not effective, the capital structure decisions can be important even in the absence of taxes and costs bankruptcy. It is interesting to note that shareholders must control costs, because the debt holders anticipate these costs, higher interest expense. More likely to control costs, the higher the interest rate and reduce the value of the company, all other things as well.
Methodology. A cross section of 60 companies were studied. Data were obtained from annual financial reports and the Securities and Exchange Commission for a period of ten years (1996-2005) we decline in the debt ratio (defined as the ratio of total debt over total debt and the market value of equity), our variable of interest (for example) the statutory rate of corporate tax, and other controls proposed in the literature, the tax is not the debt ratio housing (r), size of company (s), opportunities for future growth (v), profitability (P), the capital. market conditions (m), tangible assets (c) and earnings volatility (σ) Consequently, the theoretical model can be written in general form as:
This prediction is close to reality if there were no structural changes in the parameters of the model, otherwise the regression results would be false (Phillips, 1998:2001, Ferson and al, 2003). Therefore, the theory and data to fit properly. This requires much more structure dynamics because companies can not expect to be in stable condition at each point in time.In other words, capital structure decisions are dynamic in nature and should be modeled as an equivalent static stochastic equation (3.1) can be written as. ITI = wzit + Uit … …. (3.2)
where w is a 1 xn vector of coefficients and ANX Zit is a vector of explanatory variables. Uit is the error term. We assume that firms have target debt ratios. The representation of these take the regression estimates based on ratios of debt observed exogenous variables (ie, without integrating the stochastic error term.)RESULTS SECTION IV
The following table presents the results of our series of regression influence of time in our eight (8) regressors.TABLE 1. RESULTS OF MARKET LEVERAGE using the regression data sets
marginal tax rate (τ)
no debt tax Shete
Market Capital (m)
earnings volatility (σ)
/ p> Table 4.1b: RESULTS OF THE BOOK OF LEVERAGE using the regression data sets
marginal tax rate (τ)
no> tax liability Shete
<> p the capital market (m)
earnings volatility (σ)
marginal tax rate (τ)
Shete no tax liability
Capital Market (m)
earnings volatility ( σ)
-0 , 00
A comparison of the R2 in the tables above show that the regression of the leverage in the market is better than the book leverage regression.
coefficients of the marginal tax rate and tax debt of housing pressure in contrast to theoretical expectations., marginal rates of taxation, it seems insignificant in determining debt ratios than sixty (60) listed companies in our sample.
Fri i. There is an inverse relationship between leverage and marginal tax rates for the years 1996-2005 and statistically significant at ten per cent (0.10 ) or better in 2005 for the period 1998-2003 and below. This result contradicts the idea that corporate debt is an increasing function of his financial circumstances. This result might suggest that the substitution effect, caused by the existence of alternatives to tax havens, is greater than the effect of increasing revenue <-! nextpage -> debt to reduce tax liability
nature the relationship between debt and imposed no .. ratio of housing debt (r) is mixed. For 1996-1997 and 2003-2005, our results show an inverse relationship in line with the De-Angelo and the assumption Masulis. This inverse relationship is consistent with the theory that companies save significant tax debt have less incentive to use debt in terms of tax savings, and therefore compatible with our -. marginal effect of tax relating to (i)Interco-CONNECTION MATRIX OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
START LEVER (ML) and eight variables/
vp / -0.10
mp / -0.06
-0 , 69
-0 , 01
Table 2 shows that the explanatory variables are not very multi-aligned. Therefore, the regression estimates in Table 1 are quite reliable.
4.2 BENEFITS OF TAX DEBT
Polls <> p of the theory of optimal capital structure always starts with the Modigliani and Miller (1958) evidence that funding is not important capital markets perfectos.Miller, (1977) argues that the tax advantage of corporate debt is offset by the marginal personal tax disadvantage of debt, which implies an influence irrelevant for a given company. Miller’s pioneering contribution in this line refers to a world of differential personal taxes. In the absence of a differential tax treatment of personal interest income and return on capital in the form Miller’s winning the lever reduces the present value of tax savings on interest when it is assumed that the debt is fixed and permanent. In other words, the company pledges to maintain its current level of debt and to make annual interest payments indefinitely.
To get an indication of the tax benefits of debt in the business environment in Nigeria, we use τCb. τc represents the corporate tax rate, while b represents the average debt issues selected companies for the period of ten years.
VL = Vu + τCB
Table 3 the average market value of debt and net assets of companies in the sample (1996-2005)
s / name> society / strong
name> society / strongaverage stock (
Net assets (NAI) > / p 1
RT Briscoe/ p> Breweries Nigeria
cement / p> WAPCOFirst Bank (FNB)
PZ Industries >
7-Up Bottling Company
Nigeria Bottling Company
Trans National Express
Nigeria Enamel Ware
Nigeria cables and cable
German chemist Nigeria Plc
Capital Oil Plc
Thomas Wyatt Plc
Money Investing Tips for making a killing on the market
So what is the best investment today financial advice to help you achieve your financial goals? In fact, there are many different things that provide assistance for you on your way to financial freedom.
However, by far the most important thing to know is what you want your final result. It is without doubt the board’s most important investment or advanced beginner who never. I hope that this stock investment advice will help you achieve your goals, whatever they are.
In short, many investors jump into the arena area of investment without having the slightest idea of what you want to achieve through it. No matter how good an investor you are, not knowing that their ultimate goal, which never does anything with their investments. It would be like getting into his car and start driving without knowing their final destination.
This is his first board to invest money: you have to sit and plan what you want to accomplish with your investment. You want to get a yield of 15% per year? How much money you want on the bench a year from now? How about in five years? 10?
As you do, also consider what you intend to do with that money. Who want to earn lots of money does not help a lot of motivation, but knowing that you could buy a new boat house or a car with this money will be all the incentive necessary to achieve their financial goals.
Another prize money to invest your advice is to write your goals and place them in a place where you can see often. It has often been said that merely writing a goal just to help you succeed.
This is reminiscent of the great laws of the universe, which is the attraction. To continue to consult your ultimate goal, your subconscious will work on ways to help you get there.
Once you know what your end of the exercise is, it is time to chart the way to get there. This will obviously be different for each investor. The two most common are real estate investments and marketable securities.
No form is better than the other, many have made a fortune with everyone. Your final decision will depend entirely on you, your tolerance for risk, and we want to achieve.
For example, if you want everything to be able to buy a car within the next 6 months, then do not want to risk their money in stocks, real estate, or mutual funds. These are long-term investment and should be treated as such.
Most investors consider these vehicles as a way to go and make a quick profit. Nothing could be further from the truth.
All of the people and property investors only invest in a particular investment if they can be sure that will increase long term, contrary to popular belief. Most investors want to make a million dollars overnight and this will rarely be the case.
If your goal is to have enough money to buy a new car in 6 months, then you should put more emphasis on short-term bonds, or something you can be sure that this is more. This is obviously not as exciting as real estate or stock, but this will be the best method to help you achieve your goal.
Remember, it does not matter if the method of investment you choose. The best investment advice money you could get involved is to know where will be the end of it. Only after deciding this case that even begin to think about investing their money to put in
“Using Quotes To explore the Exchange
scholarship can be confusing and complicated for all levels of experience. Those who are only in their band the stock market can be found to be intense. However, traders can still often full mistaken for a turn of events. The award is the market that is increasingly unstable and often misunderstood. Novices and extensive experience may be very well served by free stock quotes that can help make your way through the market.
For those who have already spent time working in the stock market, which will undoubtedly demonstrate the benefits of free stock quotes. stock quotes free can be used as a companion to a professional stock broker, but it is really necessary to be very well educated in the free action of the contribution, whether the use services of a professional. It is always best to be as polite as possible through the use of open-content, it can participate in making decisions about their money.
Free stock quotes can be very accessible on the web or on the Internet where you can search the history of a specific population, climate change has passed and the prediction of future success. You can also use free of rights dating from the practice of some of the exchanges in their efforts to assess the stock market. Only because of this, free quotes for the rights of participants are absolutely essential.
If you show a glossary of financial terms, to help give people an easy way to acquire knowledge in their own backyard in their own way. Yet the real possibility here is to go to the glossary basic idea, keeping in “Money Talks” to have a real conversation about these definitions.
Some other places to help you in your education stakeholders are brokerage sites, books, government resources and foreign exchange and financial planners. Guide book collection as Standard and Poor’s, magazines such as Money, Forbes and The Wall Street Journal and reading are effective for an investor in a good education.
If you’re itching to play some basic abbreviations market share and the terms and trader talk, then look no further than financial Investopedia dictionary and a famous site called investors that the two words Benchmarks are easy for people to engage in the education market for an entry.
Options and futures are responsible for money and can quickly and easily a wealthy man, sometimes even at night. But do not let anyone get money as easily never to overeat in these markets. The essential information remains that many people are facing losses in the stock market compared to those who really do well. But if you play your cards, you can enter the second class.
Marbella Property Market Report 2009
2009 Marbella Property Market Report
an updated copy of the updated report on how the global economic crisis on the real estate market in the city of Spain, most important tourist center.
By Christopher Clover, owner and CEO of Panorama, Marbella’s oldest real estate
Before the critical events of September 2008 and months following the property market Marbella has been hit hard, as in Spain and elsewhere in the world, especially at the lower end of the market, especially with newly built properties.In advanced countries, it became clear that the clean economy of Spain was nowhere as strong as the policy is announced before the March elections. The “easy credit”, which was a major factor in promoting the Spanish property boom of the mid-1990 to 2006 had almost dried up. SOEs have begun to fail, affecting the overall economy. The bubble burst, the hard times began with an explosion and the impact was profound. In the Costa, the market for “off plan” properties, tourism peaked in 2004 and has been on a downward trend since reaching crisis proportions last year. Nationally, demand for new homes peaked in mid-2007, according to national statistics. Today, (always with the lack of reliable statistics by the government), Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria is estimated that by the end of 2008 there was an excess of between 800,000 and 1,400,000 of unsold new homes in Spain (19/12 / 08, http:// prensa.bbva.com), including the properties of the Coast, with an estimated 24,000 housing units in the Costa del Sol (Southern Journal Sunday, 01/04/2009), which take years to absorbed. However, we can not analyze the market reports, which generally focus on new properties and the local market. There are different sectors belonging to different markets in different areas where there is a variation of some basic elements in the game, and we must not make the mistake of the size of each sector in each market in Spain in the same basket and to achieve the same general conclusion simplistic. For example, until last September, went virtually unnoticed at the beginning of the luxury market, most of whom owned homes, had held fairly well, as in other parts of the world, and faces were more properties belonging to the super rich, even slightly increased in value. World Financial Meltdown, from mid-September, has changed the scenario
The rapid slowdown since September began to affect homebuyers luxury, not only in Marbella, but worldwide, compounded by the credit crunch and the difficulty in obtaining mortgages. A very low volume of sales has characterized the market at all levels, in general, in the fourth quarter.How prices have fallen by more than their higher price?
The rates set out in the paragraphs that follow are intended to be indicative and based on firsthand experience of workers experienced in Marbella who deal daily with buyers and sellers, including including developers.Properties most affected are the least expensive (less than € 700,000), consisting primarily of newly constructed properties, but not excluding resales, in the less consolidated. Prices have fallen from their peak values of the period 2005-2006 (defined as actual sales values compared with the sales prices of similar properties at a record level) are usually 20% to 30% but in some cases even up to 40%.
Properties in this price range get the best price in a shorter period of sale are in better areas, and in general the resale value has dropped 15% to usually no more than 25%.Properties priced at € 700,000 and € 2,000,000 were 20% -25% discount on their bills (again, not so much in the best neighborhoods), while the price up to € 3,000,000 suffered a smaller decline of 15% -20%. In slices of higher prices: fewer goods are sold, and although the owners may be open to any reasonable proposal, generally have the financial means to “resist” if necessary. There is and there will be some very good buy, because in some cases, even very wealthy owners simply want to “move on.” A very special kind “properties, with unique features, quality and location were not significantly affected by the crisis, if their asking prices are sensitive.
<. p> The price of the property of their owners, in most price categories, are now much more realistic than before. This process was complicated, as usual, by some agents say the owners what they want to hear, instead of explaining the realities of the market. Most sellers, however, have already significantly reduced its asking price, but many potential buyers do not take this into account when the auction.
Barbara Wood, a well-written report of the market in Andalusia, said recently “in the resale market quality is not much excess supply, but rather a bad factor and faster than does the seller need to leave, which stimulates the market. “
You’ve obviously been in sales since last September, but most often at very low prices, with the notable exception of all properties very unique that can not be easily replicated, or that the buyer did not want to risk losing, delaying. Many potential buyers think that sellers lower their prices reduced by 25% to 50% without a thorough analysis of one of the current market, the intrinsic value, historical value, the cost of reproduction or comparable sales in time. The result is that these offers, just throw a bucket of cold water in most of the suppliers, and do not engage their interest to negotiate.The other sales are buyers reasonable (looking for a bargain) and the sellers reasonable (looking to make a sale and move on, often to another property). Other sales were made by those willing to trade up or down. These sales will continue throughout this difficult period. Warren Buffet, who finished first in the list of millionaires in the world in 2008, said in an interview last November: “Do not worry about things I really do not understand me anyway you worry about what is important and known .. “
What you should know about Marbella property market will be important in the coming months
1 . demand factor is still there. The number of potential buyers to ask questions and visit the properties for sale in this area has not fallen, as the stagnant housing market in the world would suggest. visits were reduced by approximately 25% compared to last year’s levels, as reported by the best agents in Marbella, which coincides exactly with the Factbook its own affairs. However, Internet research has increased over the last quarter of 2008 compared to the properties of MS and Panorama. The difference is that it offers very few are in progress and many of them are totally unrealistic, as mentioned above. What the sale is limited to properties and very good prices and very particular properties or in terms of location, quality of construction and architecture, where a seller is willing to sit with a buyer and a good agent and see if we can really come together in harmony.
In fact, the study measured curiosity and Spain was much more interesting to users than any other destination, overtaking France in second place more than two to one margin.It is clear that there is a steadily growing demand of people want to buy a property in Marbella, awaiting the right moment to move, and some of them certainly act in the coming months. More than a few potential buyer, after locating the “property right” for themselves and decide to wait, will be disappointed when they decide to act and find their ideal property has not only sold, but none of similar properties at similar prices in the market to replace it.
Wed What do we know for 2. plane disappeared buyer in foreseeable future, and not to be missed. profiteers this nature would only distort the market The end user has taken its place, a good sign of a healthy market to come 3 quality places are better value . .. The three words in buying the property “location, location, location!” Stick . Places of government in the area of Marbella and around the world celebrate the values of the property and sell much better than the non-consolidated sites and secondary schools.
2. plane disappeared buyer in foreseeable future, and not to be missed. profiteers this nature would only distort the market The end user has taken its place, a good sign of a healthy market to come
3 quality places are better value . .. The three words in buying the property “location, location, location!” Stick . Places of government in the area of Marbella and around the world celebrate the values of the property and sell much better than the non-consolidated sites and secondary schools.An excellent example of the above can be taken with private Marina Puente Romano, in the heart of the Golden Mile, near the beach and next to the famous hotel of the same name. There are a total of 248 apartments in this magnificent property. Only 13 of them are on sale at the date of this report and of those, only two owners have clearly shown. <-! nextpage -> signs of wanting to sell quickly, lowered their selling prices are encouraging and offer Zagaleta. located outside the municipal boundaries of Marbella, which is an environment of quality products almost unique in Europe, has completed only 200 houses, only about 25 are on sale. Therefore, potential buyers put all the vendors in the same category, and we expect a flood of properties for sale in the best areas at very low prices, are in for a nasty surprise
4 uncertainty of Buyer is
5 safe asylum Haven : .. Confidence in banks and investment products has been reduced stock market has been burned so many people that many will be unlikely to return The logical alternative or “safe haven” for many, the .. well placed “brick and mortar”, bought at very low prices as one of the most effective means for future long-term investments, especially when combined with the use and known factors of lifestyle that are of Marbella in Europe
After the crisis, buyers informed investors who have seen the rule of working more and more time, are now on the market, seeking to collect the properties of high quality who can at best price, and will continue to be present for at least two years.
buyers informed investors who have seen the rule of working more and more time, are now on the market, seeking to collect the properties of high quality who can at best price, and will continue to be present for at least two years.7 concentration of wealth : .. There is a huge amount of wealth concentrated in the area of Marbella Economically, this region of Spain will be less affected than the rest of the country because of the greater stability in the final quality tourism, which is the number one of industry, tourism and residential appeal arising from the use of international part-housing first and second time and full-time residents. wealth attracts more wealth, there is much more rich in Europe who want to live all or part of the year in Marbella for reasons well known
8 market from multiple sources : .. Although the market in Marbella includes a high percentage (more easily 30%) of Spaniards who are the market fundamentals, first, however, is a bit more international than it is a national market is a multi-source of this diversity .. basic international market is the most important factor distinguishes Costa domestically and give strength to a more rapid recovery
9 British merchants provide best deals : .. With the pound down more than 25% of value in early 2008, and over 40% since its peak in 2000, many buyers are finding the best buys are often British merchants, who have assets in pounds sterling and perhaps the real estate for sale, less euros compared to the Euro zone sellers of residence.
And the future?
The market for Costa probably begin to recover during the second half of 2009, according to the changing world situation, but certainly before the domestic market. However, this recovery is very slow and gradual. It takes at least three years at least before the market can return to normal activity. In the above context, the beginning of a market recovery is defined as “a significant market perception of increased sales volume.” Price levels, of course, depend on the level of supply and demand, buyers are returning to the market in significant quantities, prices rise gradually.
Why is possible for an early resumption of the market so quickly
Why is possible for an early resumption of the market so quickly
* In 1990, Marbella was seasonal in nature and had a real population (eg, “the inhabitants out of season including the floating population of people who live here, but not officially recorded), about 120,000 people. But when the recovery was initiated between 1995 and 1996, there were at least 150,000 people actually living in Marbella off-season. It is this “core population”, or critical mass of residents in the winter months, which converts to a season Marbella 12 months, where the facilities of restaurants, nightlife and sports would be enough work to stay open all year. Currently, the actual population of cons-season is estimated that the region of 225,000.
factor essential to understanding the above events has been investing Hundreds of millions of euros in infrastructure improvements and new installations of all kinds, both by the municipal government of the early childhood and Mayor Gil that private investment that Gil has been very influential in attracting the city. This are the “spectacle” of the early years of Gil.
move and its consequences great speed compared to just twenty years due to “globalization, economic interdependence and communication speed. Given that prices in Marbella reach their lower limits, this is already happening in some categories and in “distress sales” word of mouth and instantly those who have been waiting to buy will come market, which will be the beginning of what will undoubtedly be a long time before returning to normal market activity.
But the most important factor is that there is not only a large number of apartments and villas for sale in prime locations, ie, there is a limited offer. Marbella is in terms of number of houses or apartments, the West End of London, Paris or New York. The last official date statistics from the 2001 Census, National Institute of Statistics, just at the beginning of explosive growth and the excitement of building in Marbella, Spain, and found that there was 80,172 housing units this year in Marbella. Extrapolating from the number of permits issued in the period of transition until now, only about 105,000 homes, villas and apartments throughout Marbella today. Among these 105 000 households, in very general terms, about 25% would be classified in the luxury segment of the market, such as properties with prices above € 500,000, and quality, homogeneous residential areas. And those, how many could be available sale? Sure, no more than between 5% and not more than 15%. If you have an overall estimate of 15% on average for all market quality for the price range mentioned above, which would give us only about 4,000 units for sale. Compare that with estimates of between 800,000 and 1,400,000 units of unsold homes in Spain quoted above, and it is easy to see why there is talk of a market sector.
For these reasons, therefore, likely that the market will start to resume later this year. But in the meantime, before the recovery begins, gradually increasing the volume of sales will be made, mostly to buyers who have decided they do not want to postpone their plans more. In general, the type of property you’re buying a good price, or considered excellent buy for your location, price, conditions and lifestyle factors, or rare and unique properties that can not be easily reproduced. A good agent will have these properties on their books and the knowledge and skills to help the buyer successfully negotiate with the seller
There are conditions over for a solid recovery and longer-term financial liquidity necessary to clear the beginning of a global economic recovery, including: .. transparent local government corruption and efficient (it is certainly happening now in Marbella with management capacity and the brilliant transparency of the new mayor of Marbella, Angeles Muñoz and his team), better public services and communication infrastructure with better and better, which was secured by the regional government and municipal subsidies by recent the national government to municipalities, and more care of our environment so that, eventually, all levels of government take responsibility, as reflected in the new territorial and urban development plans for this part of the coast.
By Christopher Clover
Copyright © 2009 Panorama Properties SL
All rights reserved.
Christopher Clover is graduate honors in economics from the University of Virginia (1969), a permanent resident of Marbella since 1973 <- -! nextpage>, and the owner-founder and CEO of the former Real Estate Agency in Marbella, PANORAMA, with offices across the
Marbella Club Hotel and Hotel Puente Romano
Stock Market Report
The award is a wonderful place to play with your money. A good investment can change radically if your finances, you’ll have a hard time to recognize. At the same time, made a small mistake can cost you more than you’re willing to risk.
The problem is that if you do not know what stocks to look for and how to solve these problems and limit your risk, would not be able to obtain substantial benefits.
The best way to go about this is that knowledge of reports on the stock market.
The report on the stock market has a technical and fundamental analysis used by intermediaries and professional investors. They use it to interpret the meaning and value of the equity markets or shares.
The report provides an overview of the stock market from different perspectives. With graphics and text data on daily stock returns on the market to allow operators to assess their portfolio.
They offer a long term vision in some populations, predictions on how the actions are performed within a day, a week or a year. They also provide reports on factors affecting the performance of these stocks.
stock reports are available from many sources. Agencies to offer their customers special reports of certain stocks in the market. This allows clients to make decisions on further buying and selling shares.
Some brokerage services also offer these reports for the subscription. Most of them contain stock picks for trading assets or investments in the long term. Other tips offered are strategies for entry and exit, stock market commentary, trade analysis, research and education.
analysis of stock markets is also in the business programs on television, cable, and in newspapers and online portals.
cable Affairs Programs provide the latest information and updates on stock performance. The reports are made between winners and losers during trading hours.
Portals Online financial reports and analysis of stock markets are also good sources of information on performance values.
Most of the information you need throughout your shopping experience will report on the stock market. It is best to choose a good source of these reports for yourself. reputable institutions to provide better market information. />
An eye on the best personal finance software market
increasingly being smart on the subject of personal finance and financial planning, many people turn to a personal finance software. Why a right to personal finance program for you? If you are interested in full disclosure of their personal finances that led to future financial goals, personal finance software can then help you achieve this goal.
Quicken – Quicken is a software for managing finances well known. The company that speed was the production software of its kind since the days of Apple. 1984, when the first version of Quicken is its first appearance in the world of computing. The version before us is Quicken Starter Edition 2009. The program is very easy to install and comes with many financial calculators, and well thought out banking section. A backup is available that allows you to store data in locations protected by an annual fee. Our best selection of
much AceMoney 3.10.1 -. Another excellent personal finance software. Even those unfamilar with the software can start without setbacks due to the excellent interface. All major languages are supported, such as Chinese French. AceMoney allows you to make transfers and bank deposits. He is considered one of the personal finance software on the market easier, but we think it is due more to offer super easy to use software.
Moneydance 2008 – Moneydance began life as a source of personal finance software open. It is not as free to use as problems AceMoney but has many more features. As AceMoney, Moneydance can synchronize with their bank account. Bank deposits and online payments are provided for free. Surprisingly, Moneydance runs on Windows, Linux and the Macintosh operating system.
Banktree Personal 2.0 – Completion of our list of personal finance software is Banktree Personal 2.0. Not only syncs with your bank account, but you can download data from your personal account for personal use. It has most standard features in the rest of our choices as budgeting, payroll, etc. You can pay your bills Banktree but you pay the fee. Only two available financial calculators (mortgage, loans).
World Deepwater Market Report — Market Research Report
a new edition of the study leaders in the industry
The deepwater oil and gas is now, without hesitation, firmly established as an important cost factor sector abroad. Douglas-Westwood has continued its emergence and growth since 1990 and is pleased to publish the latest in a series of studies from industry leaders on the market.
Despite the global economic crisis and fluctuating oil prices have a significant impact on levels of activity, the deepwater sector will recover quickly and return to trend growth, spending annual that grows one billion in 2014 and an overall total capital expenditure of $ 7 million for the period 2010-2014. With these figures in mind, the latest edition of the World report on the deepwater market is an excellent resource for those seeking an update in due course of this dynamic and changing industry.
previous editions, The World Deepwater Market Report provides a detailed country by country and conducted a component analysis and design exploration of deepwater production, trends and prospects in the sector development. It also offers case studies as part of field developments in deep water Santos Basin in Brazil, Angola, the Gulf of Mexico, India and the United Kingdom.
complete country by country analysis
The report presents an analysis based on data unique and exclusive covers damage to historical and offshore spending Africa, Asia, Australasia, Latin America, North America and Western Europe. Prospects and projects in each geographic region are presented and discussed. Trends
deepwater market developments and industry
The World Deepwater Market Report 2010-2014 is aimed at senior player and needs no assumes no prior knowledge of the subject. An explanation of key terms and concepts, and explains some of the recent trends and challenges in the marketplace, including supply constraints, cost inflation, funding issues and portfolio analysis in field of subsea equipment. The report notes that the drilling and completion of subsea wells are formed move deeper during the forecast period. /> Global Market Report 2010-2014 deepwater is the latest in a successful series of business studies used by organizations in over 60 countries worldwide. These include oil majors, investment banks, manufacturers of original equipment, offshore contractors, agencies and government departments Contents:. Introduction and summary Why Water deep? Deepwater Trends Trends and Issues submarine infrastructure and installation functions / strong> Infrastructure / > the development of oil fields underwater pipelines, risers and umbilicals plates-formes production in deep water glasses emerging technologies Deepwater Case Studies deepwater Capex More information, please visit:
Summary of main findings and the underlying factors
businessman drivers, trends and strategies
and the market sector and highlight the problems
reservoir evaluation, and
drawings and concepts, production based on the tower, FPSO, FPSSs, TLPs, Spars and hybrid alternatives
hyperparathyroidism treatment submarine, AUV, Arctic exploration and
Large development prospects in deep water
breakdown by regions, including Africa, Asia, Australasia, Latin America, Middle East, North America, Western Europe and other territories
The case studies from around the world, including the pre-salt fields in the Santos Basin (Brazil). Dhirubhai (India), Laggan and Tormore (West of Shetland) and Pluto LNG (Australia)
Market Forecast 2010-2014 – detailed breakdown and analysis at regional level and component schedules
d’équipement manufacturers, offshore construction, operators and shipbuilders drilling
Global Market Report 2010-2014 deepwater is the latest in a successful series of business studies used by organizations in over 60 countries worldwide. These include oil majors, investment banks, manufacturers of original equipment, offshore contractors, agencies and government departments
Contents:. Introduction and summary
Why Water deep?
Deepwater Trends Trends and Issues
submarine infrastructure and installation functions / strong> Infrastructure / > the development of oil fields underwater pipelines, risers and umbilicals
plates-formes production in deep water glasses
Deepwater Case Studies
More information, please visit:
Mallorca Property Market Report October 2010
As time passes! It’s six months since I wrote my last Majorca Market Report and it is always a little scary going back to reflect on what he said and, with hindsight, a different conclusion would have emerged! In March, the big question was whether we could call the “down market” and that might mean in practice – something is a market that has bottomed and is ready to mount the speed quickly, with real growth corner, while the other is a market where values have hit bottom, but expectations are much less on growth and on the “stagnation”
My conclusion at the time that can even be able to call the market bottom, if we define in terms of reaching the “bottom of the cycle of the underlying values of residential properties in Mallorca” (note the very important reference for the values underlying very different For example, ask the price!). Specifically my March 2010 report concluded:
March 2010 Market report’s findings and recommendations
1.Underlying values to hit bottom at current levels
2.The tendency to ask Prices vary depending on whether you set realistic / tight enough to explain the significant decline in property values.
3.Future growth in values that exists in the short term and very limited and restricted to core inflation over the medium term, ie no real growth over the next two years. The more modest growth above the rate of general inflation in the economy which is at levels below 3.1%
4.Special properties with “unique” qualities – the first line, sea view very good, the restrictive conditions of planning – rural properties, developments of high quality, etc. for better performance I / O make the market in the medium and long term.
5.Land values to maintain prices in the medium term because developers take advantage of cheaper land for sale at these new lower levels in the medium term. long-term shortage of supply, with the exception of urban areas and “medium” apartments in Palma, Inca and Manacor, if home values do
In addition to these conclusions contained “advice” or recommendations for owners and potential investors of residential property in Mallorca. They are:
1.Si you are a buyer or investor return through lifestyle income starting to see buying opportunities in emerging markets, but ..
2. “Buyer Beware” everything is on the value and the assurance that you buy at an appropriate level and not by the properties to pay unrealistic prices. />
with “defensive” qualities, as prescribed in subsection (4), for greater security in the />
Updated March 2010-October 2010 Market
So what was the reality of the past 6 months ? I have been largely confirmed my findings back or took us to see that we should have reached other conclusions?
Lets first review the statistics and data that have emerged since the March 2010 report on the experts were asked to say. But before we appreciate the security that greeted me this week that nothing less than the Spanish government had to call the bottom of the housing market in Spain! So I immediately cynical when it comes to what is said by a politician, especially when it is a foreign PM to speak to U.S. investors in a desperate attempt to make them believe that everything is and well “under control” and should buy the sets of government bonds to the best possible performance, which seemed to be confirming what I said, that we are in the background and if True, I said six months ago, if prices remained unchanged during this period, one could say that was down from yesterday to today!The problem for me is that good old Zapatero has conducted more excited, citing official statistics suggest that in many areas of Spain, prices began to rise, meaning that hit bottom and we wey hey an upward path again! So like I said, look at the data that has been going on, starting with the very ZP Ministry of Housing. National Statistics Institute (INE) According to new figures from the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the Spanish property prices rose (quarterly) for the first time in 3 years . More specifically, the figures show the average price for June was 1.6% higher than at the end of March, although prices over 12 months are still low, but with only 0.9%. For the Balearic Islands / Mallorca, statistics were not as rosy, but offers “some positive” news for those who are desperate to call the end of the recession all that is / crisis / crash etc. ! Here are the overall figures put the values of properties unchanged for the last quarter, but 2% for the year. For newly built properties there seems to be a “bounce” with prices up 1.4%, despite 12 months, prices remain below 2.5%. property values used fell 1% last quarter and 1.6% over 12 months. Interestingly, only Navarra in northern Spain on the left with the worst data with a small drop of 0.1% last quarter. In other words, what the Department of Housing is proposing is that in all regions bar Navarre and the Balearic Islands / Mallorca, property prices have risen in the last quarter
The problem is that very difficult to take seriously the figures tell us that, in general, Spanish house prices fell by only 10-12% from their peak in 2007. The fact that the index suggested that prices may have begun to increase in itself is not surprising that the price index registered a decline of 30% or more. The problem is to believe that, after falling near the peak, prices are now rising again (at least once a quarter), while we still live the consequences of the worst recession memory, a severe credit crunch, unemployment 20% and a surplus of 1 million new homes remain empty!The
same statistics from the Ministry of Housing, but this time for land values, the paint on the surface of things an image, but also show that in the future is the low price the market may come from. According to figures released earlier this month, the land prices in Spanish cities fell by 14.9% yoy at the end of June, although the figures for the first quarter of this year show a slight increase of 3 %. Having said that this drop of 15% annually in Q2 was the largest drop since the Housing Ministry has begun publishing data in 2005. This put the average cost of building land in the Spanish cities of € 210.7 / m2. With land values representing 30-50% of the final value of property is clear that if this trend continues the floor under the market for new housing will remain quite low, the effects of the market in general also . In other words, the value of land, including developers, when they decide to build again, be able to do much less expensive and therefore available for sale at prices much lower, perhaps even Below this may present for stocks! With the stock of available properties is still so strong and the possibility that new housing can be implemented profitably at lower levels, it is easy to conclude that the overall market growth (ie, the values begin to rise) as indicated in March, is still far. Clearly, where supply is limited due to the location such as the properties of first row, for example, or the type of rural estates, where planning laws are becoming stricter, which are factors very important in Majorca and then the image may be a little brighter.TINSA (evaluations of the company) Report As for the quarterly reports produced by the INS, probably the first company in Spain, property valuation, average Spanish property has fallen 4 , 6% over 12 months in late August. Moreover, after nine months of the downward trend of prices smaller, now is the second consecutive month that the index shows the acceleration of falling prices, from -4 to -4.6% in June % in August. For the Balearic Islands / Majorca and the Canary Islands, the decline was slightly larger, amounting to less than 5.3% taking the overall decline in the rate of 16% of the islands since 2007 against 17% for all Spain and nearly 22%% for coastal areas of the Mediterranean. Although the differences are what is expected, coastal areas of the continent, which took the brunt of the explosion of real estate speculation, have suffered more, all anecdotal evidence, including current sale prices suggest that the best in the market has declined 25% -30% and that in some areas most affected. ( IMPORTANT : Many properties have always been more inflated in terms of asking price at the height of the market, and will remain, even as they say, here is an adjustment may even be as high that 50% to return to the true underlying value. Obviously, in a property has been properly assessed on top of a reduction of 25% may be perfectly reasonable to reflect the true current value)
It is important TINSA figures are based on subjective assessments and in most cases they are calculated with initial prices of comparable properties in the region. By their nature, so that these assessments are likely to lag the market, some say that anywhere from 12 to 24 months. In other words, it could very realistic to assume <-! Nextpage -> TINSA said that if the market keeps falling and the pace of decline has begun to rise again, then in all likelihood, this trend in the values of the fall may continue for several more months. If it can be different is not where the numbers go, but the time it takes for people like TINSA to reflect what has actually happened is, they are actually probably at least 12 months time. As assessments are based on the asking price is not surprising! In other words, the number of TINSA can call the market bottom 12 or 24 months after the funds have played really values.idealist (Real Estate Web Portal) Report Another source often cited statistics on the Spanish and Majorca property markets, is owned Idealistic quarterly report of the web portal. The latest data for the end of the third quarter, published on October 1, suggested that prices in Spain and all had accelerated its fall to a quarterly figure of 2.7% leaving the average value of € 2,309 m2. Although this negative factor has been translated in most regions of Spain, the Balearic Islands / Mallorca saw increases in property prices in both overall and in different cities (but not all) for which estimate Web site Statistics . Here is the overall figure amounts to € 2.371 m2 in September 2010 compared with € 2,286 m2 at the end of the previous quarter and € 2,228 m2 in September 2009, an annual increase of 6.4% and the increase the last quarter of 3.7%. More precisely statistics include the cities / areas. The first figure shows the average value per m2 per month of September 2010, the second digit change in the fourth quarter and the last of the annual variation (if available). Consider these statistics are based on the average bid in each region or town and are not the values on which a willing seller and a willing buyer necessarily agree on a sale, including:
Calvia € 3052 m2 , 11%, 12.5%
Palma de Mallorca € 2446 m2, 4.8%, 10.7%
€ 2080 m2, 2.4% n / a
Inca € 1580 m2, 2% -0.5%
€ 2568 m2, -3.7% n / a
Llucmajor € 2140 m2, 9.9% 8.2%
With respect to these figures, one can think that things are really starting to take off and in many respects with a sample size in each area, it can not be totally dismissive of the results. By way of comparison, it is true that with a much smaller sample, the portal Facilisimo contrasts and cites a drop in prices Baleraic Islands / Mallorca 5.3% for the year to date.Bankinter Spanish Property Market Report interesting Bankinter reported in September 2010, which was what they expected the market to bottom, but growth will be very limited, both lines of my report March 2010 and continued my opinion. The bank believes that, given the overall market, prices could fall even more marginal, about 6% in the 9-12 months, with the market will remain at that level until 2013, after 2014, when a some growth could say we stop again at the bottom, or to “walk in the desert for some time From my point of view matters as the Housing Ministry figures which tell us that Prices have declined 12% from the peak, when in reality, the Bank believes that it should 20% + (as you know I go beyond that in many circumstances p> p !).<> It is important to this report in context, covering the whole of Spain and is therefore clearly dominated by the dynamics of local market-driven, not by a mixture of local and international parties, such as Mallorca or several of the Mediterranean coast. Majorca is clear that if, for example, a return of consumer confidence in countries like Germany, the United Kingdom, etc. This may encourage buyers destinations from Scandinavia to submit purchase decisions, even if local consumption in Majorca is itself overwhelmed by the fear of unemployment, the imminent loss of tax exemptions and mortgage simple lack of household income or savings to meet the demands of large deposits that banks reduce their credit relations value. In general, if buyers outside Mallorca see the improvement of housing markets in their own countries are more likely to consider it a good time to buy here or at least that Mallorca market quickly as well. In many respects they are right. We live in a global economy and, as always held during the boom of Majorca is “on planet earth” when he was told several times that ” prices do not fall in Mallorca, things are different here, “the other side now is that when the global economic climate improves so will the situation in Spain and Mallorca, but most of us look at the lagging behind other parts of Europe. What this means in practice is that buyers, in my opinion, have a little more time to view the options, market research, identify opportunities to purchase good etc. before the threat of a flea market in front of them! There is always the risk that the buyer can lose on this “perfect” property he loved, because another buyer came before me, but in general , buyers can afford to wait. Investment magazine 10 to September 16, 2010 If you want to read an article full of caution on the Spanish property market as a whole continue reading this article. As I mentioned earlier, this approach of articles on real weakness in national housing market driven by a large number of unemployment (over 20% and even the most optimistic forecasts adjustment of at least 18% for 2 years), a financial sector unwilling or unable to free market liquidity and risk reduction or elimination of the ECB, the current measures of liquidity support, plus a huge source blocked (unlike, for example, markets in the U.S. or the UK), the financial sector and holding a huge portfolio of property seized, while not flooding the market, it could be if some small institutions with problems ECB lowers liquidity when current support measures. In general, it is concluded that not only prices continue to fall agree that the future is a mouth very far. Patience and market research is your recommendation! While regular readers know I am a born optimist when it comes to my views on the Mallorca property market I have also always maintained that it was important qualities of the defense to be considered as having less Low back a little better or faster when the overall economic environment improves. The offer is also true that better than many other parts of the continent, after suffering a boom in the development of speculation, planning regulations and land are more stringent, further limiting the supply, demand is more broadly based (which includes a large number of international buyers and the main local market) and economic improvements in the northern Europe should boost tourism in the island and thus putting a floor under unemployment figures Mallorca “brand” is as strong among the rich and there are always new buyers. want to taste Other News / Comments In the press has been a steady stream of agents, developers and industry representatives who support (understandably!) the argument that prices have stopped falling and buyer interest in the second-home market in particular. Interestingly, most agree that prices have fallen by 15-35% depending on location and type of ownership, while others talk about price back to 7.6 to last year , ie, levels before the higher prices of the year last big year was given. If I had a comment, I would say that, although it may be correct with regard to prices when demand they quote 15-35% I think they are much closer to the truth when they speak of the return values to 2003-2004 levels, which in most cases, need to see falls of 25%. – 40 %
also warn against taking too seriously the comments on the prices charged and the need to buy now before prices increase. A lot of “preventing” Customers do not sit around waiting for further price falls and the owners now ready to present to the buyer the right to come rather than reduce prices further. Although he does not agree that the values underlying at or near the bottom, as I explained in March, my experience is that few or no buyers buy at prices they want and treat large numbers are well below asking prices. This Only recently I asked a reputable agent what he thought of several properties that are sold (all had been on the market for some time) and I gave figures of between 20% and 35 % less than the prices that were quoted. I’m not saying it’s “proof” of anything in particular but I would say that the support of my conviction that “buyer beware” and not the name of the day because you have to buy quickly before the market takes off, but because asking prices can be very misleading!What I mean is that values are at or near the end of round the pressure of price rise, even remotely, with time is next to the buyer, but if you are interested in buying, I doubt the market are for research and negotiation. Much better to negotiate Now, when it is dark economic clouds which offers uncertainty, however, the feeling is stable, when <-! NextPage -> everything is looking much more optimistic to say 12 or 24 months time. Not that prices increase during this time, but simply that sellers can get a little more at or near the asking price, but today most if not all want to reach an agreement rather than wait for another buyer can not how many months or more! At the regional and individual city in Majorca here are the views of what an important agent is told what happened to prices since the height of the market with my own comments:
Palma Old Town Hall and Portixol : Boot price down around 25% (Note: This offer is limited to long term and should be grounded farm in this target market. improvements in the area of Playa de Palma, infrastructure, etc. should all be patient tram stop anything that requires public investment)
outskirts of Palma and the promenade : Apartments at -25 to 30%, while villas overlooking the sea at Genoa, etc. Values Bonanova broke down some what less
Son Vida . is said that prices have been maintained, and only decreased by 10-15% despite then “admit” proposals were made at levels that are up to 35% down (Note:?. what do you mean selling prices are unrealistic and out of proportion to the underlying values of the actual market value is on the negotiations said that prices are not asking for life will remain a strategic place again, there is a floor under the market)
Puigpunyent, Esporlas , etc.: price down about 25%
Santa Ponsa : The prices of about 15% (Note: With many offers of provision made under that this figure suggests, with the Port Adriano Marina super yacht development taking shape is not a bad time to look into this area and take advantage of market weakness to achieve long term is an interesting area – Harbour Pleasure of luxury, 4 golf courses, etc.)
Andratx, Puerto de Andratx : the price of 20%. (Note: This remains an area of high demand, although most of the evolution along authorized by the previous corrupt administration, the city council despite poor quality of some public spaces and amenities in demand for port development is likely to stay long term and should be. with the support of the promise and the hope than reality, improvements agreed by the new administration).Deia, Valldemossa, Soller and Port de Soller : They say that prices have stayed here simply because the owners were less likely to negotiate is that there have been few transactions / illiquid markets. (Note: Another area with a very limited supply, a spectacular natural setting and a “brand” with an international reputation for all those who support the market and make it a good long term investment of opening 7 * hotel in Port Jumeirah. Soller coming years is the type of investment to add more fields for the “cache”)
Central Mallorca: Price is said to be down about 10-15%. (Note: this is a large area and it is therefore difficult to generalize, but even in areas historically strong Tramontana mountain range, for example, Alaro, Santa Maria Binissalem, Campanet, Buger offers etc can make up to 25% below asking price)
Pollensa and Puerto Pollensa : The prices below 30%. (Note:. Anecdotal this area has been beaten as hard as others in terms of demand simply press drying the height of the crisis, when in reality it has always been one of the largest niche markets in Mallorca The draw between “rest devotees Pollensa and increased demand as it begins to make long-term must return a greater destiny. In this spirit, it might be a place to start looking, while prices remain under pressure and “understandings” that can be done)
Alcudia and Puerto de Alcudia . prices for about 25%
East ( Arta, Canyamel, Costa de los Pinos, Cala Bona, etc. ): Prices are down about 10% (Note: While historically an area of lower prices, because of its relative remoteness from Palma, the new road has transformed the Palm region just before the recession has to deal with the market and therefore “re-rating some of which I even planned, never took place. This explains in part why the two values do not fall. The market remains weak, but there are deals to be done and this may be a good time to enter in the area before prices move more in line with other regions of the island. Costa de los Pinos and offers much in Canyamel buyer seeking a quality hotel, sea views and a tranquil atmosphere)
South East : similar to the northeast with historically low prices and have less far to fall
Conclusions and recommendations > / p As you can see, we have reports saying that prices are falling, reports that are stable and others that are on the rise! Having said all that, and speaking of Mallorca, in particular, I still believe that the underlying values have hit bottom and now we are in business with little or no price change period before returning to growth.Indeed, my conclusions are very similar if not identical to what I said in March! To complete:
1. underlying securities should continue to hit bottom at the current level . There are downside risks, but in Mallorca see these much under control and should not exceed 10%. Buyers should be aware of when negotiating the final purchase price and can therefore be “exhausted” if it is not a risk.
2. If prices continue to drop asking all depends if you set realistic / tight enough to explain the significant decrease in the value of underlying properties . In other words, do some research and see if the property you buy is a realistic price or not. This way you will know if it is to negotiate a “small” or seeking a “chunk” to reach the final purchase price agreed.
3. not expect a strong recovery in commodity prices The future growth in value is likely to be absent in the short term and very limited and restricted to core inflation over the medium term, ie no real growth until 2011 and 2012 growth of at least a modest and above the general level of inflation in the economy to grow in levels of 1-3%. If I had to change my mind in everything that real growth is probably about 12 months away from March 4
suggesting special properties “unique” qualities – the front line .. Very good sea view, the restrictive conditions of planning – rural properties, developments of high quality, etc. for better performance I / O make the market in the medium and long term I firmly believe it is a flat market, but also do not believe it.
BP Stock Price and Market Lessons
April 20, 2010, the rig Deepwater Horizon has exploded in the Gulf of Mexico. At the same time, the share price of BP began to implode. On 20 April, the BP share price closed at 0.48. May 10, which had fallen to 0.75. Meanwhile, the capitalization of the company’s market (which is calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of exchanges of shares outstanding) have fallen by more than one billion.At this stage, many financial advisers began to recommend that investors buy shares in BP. They believed that the amount of money it would take to clean the oil spill did not come close to one billion the value of the global BP has been lost. Even Jim Cramer, CNBC guru of major titles and host of Mad Money, said the action was a purchase for this reason. However, about a month and a half later, shares of BP is now a bit per share, representing a loss of market capitalization of about 0000 dollars. The initial investment advice seemed wise, so what happened? The first thing to note is that the stock market does not always behave rationally. As John Maynard Keynes pointed out, markets can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent. This is particularly true when the company continually receives negative attention from media as BP. Investors are nervous and often sell their shares in a company which is constantly lighting effects. Wed addition, the market is generally not uncertainty, etc.. When market analysts recommend investing in BP at the beginning of May, which means that the flow of oil into the Gulf of Mexico will soon cease. They often insist on the form of shares held after the disaster of the Exxon Valdez and the situation uncategorically said BP could not be worse than that. However, there was no basis for that assumption wrong. BP disaster has been worse and still do not know when the oil flow ceases. Moreover, nobody really knows what the total cost of BP in the treatment of the consequences of this disaster will be. Several news agencies report that the cleanup cost BP about 0 million per day and that total costs have exceeded one billion. However, until the cessation of the flow of oil and noted the damage will be difficult to know how BP lost as a result. Does this mean that BP’s investment in shares is a bad decision? Not necessarily. Assuming that the population was a price well before the disaster, it seems very unlikely that BP will incur costs for the loss of point 0 billion market capitalization. In addition, BP generates about one billion annual operating cash flow, which would cover cleanup costs, and facilitate the company to raise additional funds through loans or sales of shares. One caveat is that the PA can not be forced to cut its dividend to cover cleanup costs. It may already be built into the bag, but it is likely that the share price falls, provided that the dividend cut was announced. One of the lessons of the slide in shares of BP is the importance of diversity in the portfolio. Even financially sound companies such as BP, are subject to the so-called event risk. If the shares of BP represents a small percentage of their total investment, should not have had a significant impact on overall performance. Research suggests that most of the benefits to be gained from diversification of investments in about 30 different titles are relatively equal positions in each. This diversification protects you from almost all the risks specific to the company. A diversified investor has suffered any significant loss of the status of BP.
Baby Food Market – Opportunities in emerging markets report
global market for baby foods is growing rapidly, especially in emerging economies. Yet, North America and Europe represent the bulk of total turnover. However, as for the future, emerging countries like China, Russia, Brazil, Poland, Czech Republic, Saudi Arabia and Romania represents the most attractive markets for baby food industry.
Baby Food Market – Opportunities in the Emerging Markets report was to assist clients in analyzing the opportunities, challenges and drivers critical to the growth of industry in emerging economies
Key. findings of the report
§ Increase awareness of health among consumers and the changing role of women is spending baby food.
§ The market for baby food in China, Russia, Poland and Romania is expected to grow fastest among emerging countries.
§ The market for baby food in China is expected to reach an annual rate of about 15% between 2008 and 2012. §
global industry organic baby food should reach U.S. $ 2.26 billion at the end of 2012, becoming the fastest growing segment of emerging countries.
§ The high cost and the monopoly of big players remains a major challenge for the baby food industry in these regions
key issues and facts discussed in relation to.
§ Analysis of emerging markets for baby food industry.
§ Future prospects for the baby food industry in emerging markets.
§ Study of the success factors and sensitivity to industry.
§ assessment of key driving forces and opportunities for the industry.
analysis of key players
This section covers the brief profiling the major players in the food industry babies worldwide including Nestle SA, HJ Heinz Company and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.
Research Methodology Used
industry forecast and analysis in this report is based on various macro and microeconomic factors, sector and specific databases in the industry, and our model homes and analytical statistics. This model takes into account past and current trends in the economy, especially in an industry, to conduct a market analysis. experts
study the relationship between industry and economic variables to ensure the required accuracy and desired check on the quality of data and information provided in the Report
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Stock prices are an essential part of the market trend
new scholarship has always been indicative of ups and downs in the market. Reflect the oscillation of stock prices and market shares. The condition was such that the growth record of recent stock market of India has made clear that the wind direction is changing the way the whole. With an increase so large that it became one of the best performers in the world. Unlike the stock market in India, the market values of other countries have shown a slow increase. Among other emerging markets around the world, the Indian stock market was considered an outstanding performance. Information on the stock market later predicts the future rise or fall in stock prices and stock prices of several companies. The shares are generally available actions that can be sold to meet financial emergencies. Regardless, a division of large or small, the effect of the fall is the same everywhere in the world.
Sensex has always been a level which prevents downward according to the market scenario. If the list of work to harvest the fruit, then stock prices are still rising. This will have a negative effect on buyers and the good effect on investors. This is because people who invest in the stock market would reap the fruits of their investment, while buyers will pay more to buy raw materials such as rising stock prices, which marks an increase in product prices related.through the news of the market share, we have much to learn from what happens in business. There were several large companies such as Satyam, Bharti Airtel, the aviation industry and many others are asking employees to resign for no reason. The problem of reducing costs and recession is the result of the decline in Indian stock market. This condition is not only in India rather than U.S. as well. Apart from the fall, you get to know about the collection of private equity in the market for loan assets to their units. Nowadays, it seems essential to keep an eye on recent developments in the stock market of India.
not mind, the stock is, stock prices and mergers, new you will have continuous monitoring of developments and plan the procedure accordingly.
African Telecommunications Market Report 2008-2009
Africa is experiencing rapid growth in population, now 900 million more. The rate of economic growth in Africa was 5.7% in 2008 and this figure could fall to 3.2% in 2009, the global economic slowdown.
As one of the areas where the telecommunications industry is growing faster communication, the mobile phone in Africa is progressing very quickly. Currently, there are approximately 390 million cell phone subscribers, but with less than 45% penetration rate. Thus, it still has great development potential.
prepaid mobile users to take the majority of subscribers in Africa, a subscriber may have several cards so that the actual penetration is less than the foregoing.
Improving economic freedom by the telecommunications industry to promote the rapid growth of the telecommunications industry in Africa.Index:
1. Industry Overview
African telecommunications industry 1.1 Scale and Growth 1.1.1
Mobile 1.2 Communication Patterns market
1.2.1 Mobile Communication Market 1.2.2
market of 1.3 Internet market 1.4 Reasons for the competition of companies
Algeria 2.1 Status Quo and Development of the telecommunications industry
key 2.2 Operations 2.2.1 Orascom Telecom Algeria (Djezzy)
2.2.2 Telecom Algeria /> Wataniya Telecom Algeria
Egypt standstill 3.1 of the telecommunications industry
Operations 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 Key Telecom Eygpt ECMS (Mobinil), Vodafone Egypt
Morocco 4.1 Status of the telecommunications industry 4.2 Key
Morocco Telecom Operators 4.2.1 4.2.2
Meditel Quo (Meditelecom, Meditel for short)
5. Libya 5.1
status quo of the telecommunications industry 5.2 Operation key
Tunisia 6.1 Development of the Telecommunications Industry 6.2 Operations
key 6.2.1 6.2.2 TUNTEL Tunisiana
7. 7.1 Cameroon
status quo of the telecommunications industry 7.2 Operations
key 7.2.1 7.3.2 MTN Cameroon CAMTEL
8. Congo, Dem Rep 8.1
status quo in the telecommunications sector
key operators 8.2 8.2.1 8.2.2 Zain Congo Vodacom Congo
9. 9.1 Uganda
status quo of the telecommunications industry key players
9.2 9.2.1 9.2.2
Uganda MTN Uganda UTL 9.2.3 Zain
10. Ethiopia 10.1
status quo of the telecommunications industry key operators 10.2
Nigeria 11.1 Status of the fixed telecommunications industry
Quo 11.1.1 11.2.2 11.2.3 Communication Mobile Communications Internet
11 , 3 main operators MTN Nigeria 11.3.1 11.3.2 11.3.3
12.1 for the development of the telecommunications industry 12.1.1 latest developments
12.1.2 Communication Business Communication sets
12.1.3 Mobile Communications 12.1. 4 of the Internet
12.2.2 Telkom Kenya Safaricom Kenya Celtel 12.3.3
13.2 Operators 13.2.1 13.2.2 Key />
Ghana MTN Ghana Telecommunications (Scancom)
13.2.3 Zain Ghana (
/> 14. South Africa 14.1
status quo of the fixed line telecommunications industry
14.1.1 14.1.2 14.1.3 Communication Mobile Communications Internet
14, 2 key operators
Telkom 14.2.1 14.2.2 14.2.3
15 . Zambia 15.1
status quo of the telecom industry operators 15.2
key 15.2.1 15.2.2 Zamtel Telecel Zambia /> (MTN (Zambia))
16. Madagascar 16.1
status quo of the telecommunications industry
Telma Madagascar Orange 16.2.2 16.2.3
17. 17.1 Tanzania
status quo of the telecommunications industry key operators 17.2
TTCL Vodacom Tanzania Ltd 17.3.1 17.3.2 17.3.3 ZAIN />
18. Trends in the telecommunications industry in Africa
18.1 18.1.1 18.1.2 Development imbalance delay characteristics of the region
rapid 18.1.3 18.1.4 Communication mobile than fixed line service
commercial GSM 18.1.5 State 18.1.6 huge market potential />
entry investment opportunities
18.4 Suggestions development trend
“The growth of the fixed telephone subscribers in Africa, 1995-2007
growth mobile phone subscribers in Africa, 2003-2008
penetration rate of mobile phone users in key African countries, 2008
distribution of population distribution in Africa />
Number of main markets in Africa, 2008
Top 10 mobile operators in Africa, 2008Q1
Distribution Internet subscribers in Africa at the end of June 2007
status quo and trend growth of Algeria
telecommunications industry for the development of mobile subscribers in Algeria, 2000-2007
Orascom Telecom mobile subscribers in Algeria (Djezzy), 2006-2008
mobile market share Orascom Telecom Algeria (Djezzy), 2008
PE Orascom Telecom Algeria (Djezzy), 2006-2008
ARPU Orascom Telecom Algeria (Djezzy), 2006-2008
income Orascom Telecom Algeria (Djezzy), 2007-2008
Organizational Structure License Status Quo
NTRA telecommunications licenses in Egypt Telecom Egypt
fixed telephone subscribers in Egypt, the 2008 telephone subscribers />
Broadband subscribers in Egypt, 2008
rate of Internet penetration in Egypt, 2007-2008 Internet Access
kind in Egypt, 2007-2008
age structure of Internet subscribers in Egypt, subscribers 2007-2008 / phone>
Payphone in Egypt, 2008
rate of telephone penetration in Egypt, 2008
rate telephone penetration in Egypt, 2007-2008 Income and Expenditure
major telecom operators in Egypt,
2007-2008 the market share of mobile communication in Egypt, 2008
key financial data Telecom Egypt, 2008
Profile Mobinil Mobinil mobile subscribers, 2006-2008
Mobinil MOU mobile subscribers, 2006-2008
ARPU of mobile subscribers Mobinil, 2006 – 2008
income Mobinil GSM mobile subscribers
2007-2008, the growth of mobile subscribers in Morocco />
The growth of fixed telephone subscribers and Morocco Telecom mobile phone,
2007-2008 Classification mobile subscribers in Morocco Telecom, from 2007 to 2008
Internet subscribers in Morocco Telecom,
2007-2008 Growth Equity structure Meditel / >
The growth of mobile subscribers in Tunisia, 2000 – 2008
share of mobile market in Tunisia, 2008
growth Internet subscribers in Tunisia, 2000-2008
Tunisiana mobile subscribers, 2006-2008 MOU
Mobile subscribers Tunisiana, 2006-2008
Tunisiana ARPU Mobile Subscribers, 2006-2008
Tunisiana total revenue market share 2007-2008 Phone Cameron
2007-2008Q1 growth in mobile subscribers Cameron, 2000-2008
landline subscribers Classification CAMTEL, growth 2007-2008 mobile subscribers
MTN Cameroon, March 2002-June 2007
growth MTN mobile subscribers in Cameroon, the 2007-2008 growth of mobile subscribers
Orange Cameroon, 2007-2008
market performance Vodacom Congo, 2008
Developments Telecom Uganda, 2008
volume of calls from Uganda, 2008
SMS volume classified in Uganda, 2008
public Phone numbers of Uganda, 2008
bandwidth of the Internet in Uganda, 2008
growth Internet subscribers in Uganda, 2000-2008
growth of their Mobile MTN Uganda, March 2002-2008
Internet coverage of the structure of Zain Uganda Ethiopia Organization
ETA growth of mobile subscribers in Ethiopia, 2000-2007 Organization Structure
ETC land cover in Nigeria, 2008
growth of fixed telephone users in Nigeria, 2000-2008
Statistics GSM operators in Nigeria, in March 2009
Statistics CDMA operators in Nigeria, March 2009
The growth of mobile subscribers in Nigeria, 2000-2008
market share Proportion four operators
mobile subscribers and penetration in Nigeria, MTN, 2002-2008
Changes ARPU Nigeria, MTN, 2002-2007
changes fixed phone users in Kenya Enterprises, 2007 Changes -2008 / br>
2007-2008 Regional distribution of fixed line subscribers in Kenya
Proportion Urban and Rural subscribers of landlines, 2008
mobile subscribers and penetration in Kenya, br <2007-2008 /> The growth of mobile phone subscribers in Kenya, 2000-2008
changes in traffic volume mobile communications in Kenya, April-December 2008
changes in spending phones in Kenya, Changes 2007-2008 / br>
Internet subscribers in Kenya, 2007-2008 Changes
Internet revenues and investment in Kenya, 2007-2008
Changes related subscribers of mobile operators in Kenya, 2003-2008
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growth fixed telephone subscribers in Ghana, 2000-2008
market share of telephone operators Ghana ,